Red Hat Virtualization

General

For RHV 4+ environments you can use API v4 for invoking all backup related tasks.
Import/export mode defines the way the backups and restores are done. Red Hat Virtualization (with API v4) supports 3 modes:
  1. 1.
    Disk attachment, which exports VM metadata (in OVF format) with separate disk files (in RAW format) via the Proxy VM with the Node installed.
    • supports RHV 4.0+
    • no incremental backup
    • proxy VM required in each cluster - used for the disk attachment process
  2. 2.
    Disk image transfer, which exports VM metadata (in OVF format) with disk snapshot chains as separate files (QCOW2 format):
    • supports RHV 4.2+/oVirt 4.2.3+
    • supports incremental backup
    • disk images are transferred directly from API (no Proxy VM required)
  3. 3.
    SSH Transfer, this method assumes that all data transfers are directly from the hypervisor - over SSH
  4. 4.
    Change Block Tracking, this method backup only blocks with changes and skips zeroed sectors.
    • supports oVirt 4.4+ (with Libvirt 6+, qemu-kvm 4.2+ and vdsm 4.40+)
    • supports incremental backup
Note: When using backup APIs - Red Hat highly recommends to update RHV environment to the most recent version (4.4 - at the time of writing) - please refer to this article for more information.
When adding RHV 4.0+ hypervisor managers, use a URL similar to the following:
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https://RHV_MGR_HOST/ovirt-engine/api
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Note: a username for RHV environments needs to be provided in the [email protected] format - i.e. [email protected]. This user must have all permissions related to managing snapshots, creating/removing VMs, operating disks and exporting data.

Backup Strategies

Red Hat Virtualization environments can be protected in several ways.
Note: Different strategies require a node to be installed either as a VM on the environment that you back up or installed separately.
Note: All live snapshots are attempted with quiescing enabled. If the snapshot command fails because there is no compatible guest agent present, the live snapshot is re-initiated without the use-quiescing flag.

Disk attachment with Proxy VM

In this strategy, you have a VM called “Proxy VM” that invokes commands on your hypervisor manager to snapshot and attach drives of a specific VM to itself (Proxy VM). The Proxy VM is able to read the data from the attached disk snapshots and forward them to the backup provider.
This strategy allows you to exclude drives from backup that you do not need. Remember that you need to install 1 Proxy VM per cluster so that the drives the node tries to attach are reachable.
Drawback - no incremental backup for now.

Backup Process

  • crash-consistent snapshot using hypervisor's API
  • optionally FS freeze can be executed before snapshot can be executed (FS thaw once the snapshot is completed) if enabled and guest tools installed inside
  • optional application consistency using pre/post snapshot command execution
  • metadata exported from API
  • snapshot disks are mounted one by one to the Proxy VM
  • data read directly on the Proxy VM
  • incremental backups are _**_not supported
  • restore creates empty disks on the Proxy VM, imports merged data then recreates VM and reattaches volumes to the target VM
Note: RHV API v4 environments require vProtect Node to be installed in one of the VMs residing on the RHV cluster. vProtect should automatically detect the VM with vProtect during the index operation.
Disk attachment mode requires Virtio-SCSI to be enabled on the vProtect Node VM (which can be enabled in VM settings -> Resource Allocation -> VirtIO-SCSI Enabled at the bottom).
During backup/restore operations, disks are transferred by attaching them to the proxy VM. This approach does not require an export storage domain to be set up.
Please make sure that you follow these steps: LVM setup on vProtect Node for disk attachment backup mode.

Disk image transfer API

This API appears in RHV 4.2 and allows export of individual snapshots directly from the RHV manager. So instead of having to install multiple Proxy VMs, you can have a single external Node installation, which just invokes APIs via the RHV manager.
This strategy supports incremental backups. Assuming you have RHV 4.2 or newer – just add your manager to vProtect and setup is done. From a network perspective, it requires two additional ports to be open - 54322 and 54323 - and your data to be pulled from the hypervisor manager.
Unfortunately, there are a few problems with the current architecture of this solution. The biggest issue is that all traffic passes via the RHV manager, which may impact the transfer rates that you can achieve during the backup process. To put this into perspective – in disk attachment, you can basically read data as if it is a local drive, where it could potentially be deduplicated even before transferring it to the backup destination.

Backup Process

  • crash-consistent snapshot using hypervisor's API
  • optionally FS freeze can be executed before snapshot can be executed (FS thaw once the snapshot is completed) if enabled and guest tools installed inside
  • optional application consistency using pre/post snapshot command execution
  • supported for oVirt/RHV/OLVM 4.3+
  • metadata exported from API
  • data transfer initiated on the manager and actual data exported from the hypervisor using imageio API
  • incremental backups use the same APIs, but requests for changed blocks only
  • the last snapshot kept on the hypervisor for the next incremental backup (if at least one schedule assigned to the VM has backup type set to incremental)
  • restore recreates VM from metadata using API and imports merged chain of data for each disk using imageio API
Disk image transfer mode exports data directly using RHV 4.2+ API. There is no need to set up an export storage domain or set up an LVM. This mode uses snapshot-chains provided by RHV.
You may need to open communication for the additional port 54323 on the RHV manager - it needs to be accessible from vProtect Node. Also, make sure that your ovirt-imageio-proxy services are running and properly configured (you can verify this by trying to upload images with RHV UI).
Follow the steps in this section: Full versions of libvirt/qemu packages installation.

SSH transfer

This is an enhancement for the disk image transfer API strategy. It allows vProtect to use RHV API v4.2+ (HTTPS connection to RHV manager) only to collect metadata. Backup is done over SSH directly from the hypervisor (optionally using netcat for transfer), import is also using SSH (without netcat option). No need to install a node on the RHV environment. This method can boost backup transfers and supports incremental backups.

Backup Process

  • crash-consistent snapshot using hypervisor's API
  • optionally FS freeze can be executed before snapshot can be executed (FS thaw once the snapshot is completed) if enabled and guest tools installed inside
  • optional application consistency using pre/post snapshot command execution • metadata exported from API
  • data transfer via SSH (optional using netcat) - the full chain of disk snapshot files for each disk o if LVM-based storage is used, then node activates volumes if necessary to read data o if Gluster FS is used, then disk files are copied directly
  • incremental backup export just sub-chain of QCOW2-deltas snapshots since last stored snapshot
  • the last snapshot kept on the hypervisor for the next incremental backup (if at least one schedule assigned to the VM has the backup type set to incremental)
  • restore recreates VM with empty storage from metadata using API and imports merged data over SSH to appropriate location on the hypervisor
This method assumes that all data transfers are directly from the hypervisor - over SSH. This means that after adding the RHV manager and detecting all available hypervisors - you also need to provide SSH credentials or SSH keys for each of the hypervisors. You can also use SSH public key authentication.

Change Block Tracking

This is a new method that is possible thanks to changes in RHV 4.4. It uses information about zeroed and changed blocks to reduce data size and make the process faster.
This strategy supports incremental backups.
The QCOW2 format is required for incremental backups so that disks enabled for incremental backup use the QCOW2 format instead of the raw format.
Also, this strategy doesn't need snapshots in the backup process. Instead, every incremental backup uses a checkpoint that is a point in time that was created after the previous backup.

Export storage domain (API v3)

This setup requires you to create a storage domain used for VM export. The export storage domain should also be accessible by vProtect Node in its staging directory. This implies that the storage space doesn't have to be exported by vProtect Node - it can be mounted from an external source. The only requirement is to have it visible from both the RHV host and the Node itself. Keep in mind that ownership of the files on the share should allow both vProtect and RHV to read and write files.
The backup process requires that once the snapshot is created, it will be cloned and exported (in fact to vProtect Node staging). The reason for additional cloning is that RHV doesn’t allow you to export a snapshot directly. The Node can be outside of the environment that you back up.
This strategy is going to be deprecated, as Red Hat may no longer support it in future releases.

Backup Process

  • crash-consistent snapshot is taken via API
  • optional application consistency using pre/post snapshot command execution
  • initial VM clone of the snapshot to the local repository is created
  • cloned VM (data+metadata) exported by the manager to the vProtect staging space (visible as the export Storage Domain in managers UI)
  • full backup only is supported
  • restore is done to the export Storage Repository, the administrator needs to import the VM using manager UI

How to set up a backup with an export storage domain

RHV 3.5.1+ environments (using API v3) require an export storage domain to be set up.
  1. 1.
    Add a backup storage domain in RHEV (which points to the NFS export on vProtect Node)
    • If you have multiple data centers, you need to enable the Multi DC export checkbox in the node configuration
      • Remember that you need to use named data centers in your RHV environment to avoid name conflicts
      • An RHV datacenter may use only one export storage domain, which is why you need to create subdirectories for each data center in the export path i.e. /vprotect_data/dc01, /vprotect_data/dc02, and use each sub-directory as NFS share for each data center export domain (separate NFS exports)
      • The export (staging) path in the above-mentioned scenario is still /vprotect_data, while dc01 and dc02 are data center names
      • Older versions of RHV (3.5.x) require you to specify mapping between DC names and export storage domains - you need to provide pairs of a DC name and a corresponding SD name in the node configuration (section Hypervisor)
    • If you have only one data center and don't want to use the multiple data centers export feature in the future, you can use the default settings and set up the NFS export pointing to the staging path (e.g. /vprotect_data)
    • Note that export must be set to use the UID and GID of the vprotect user
    • Example export configuration in /etc/exports to a selected hypervisor in the RHV cluster:
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      /vprotect_data 10.50.1.101(fsid=6,rw,sync,insecure,all_squash,anonuid=993,anongid=990)
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      where anonuid=993 and anongid=990 should have the correct UID and GID returned by command:
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      [[email protected] ~]# id vprotect
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      uid=993(vprotect) gid=990(vprotect) groups=990(vprotect)
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  2. 2.
    Both import and export operations will be done using this NFS share – restore will be done directly to this storage domain, so you can easily import the backup into RHV (shown below)
    • backups must be restored to the export path (the node automatically changes names to the original paths that are recognized by the RHV manager).
  3. 3.
    When adding RHV 4.0+ hypervisor managers, make sure you have a URL like the following:
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    https://RHV_MGR_HOST/ovirt-engine/api/v3
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    Note: Restore to RHV using SPARSE disk allocation format is not supported if backup files are in RAW format and destination storage domain type in either Fibre Channel or iSCSI. If such configuration is detected, then disk allocation format is automatically switched to PREALLOCATED
Last modified 1mo ago