Microsoft Hyper-V

General

Microsoft Hyper-V is the only hypervisor that requires the installation of an agent. The process is very simple, the rest of the configuration is similar to other suppliers. With RCT (also known as CBT in other virtualization platforms) both full and incremental backups are supported for this hypervisor.
For Microsoft Windows Server 2016 or later versions, the resilient change tracking (RCT) feature is used by default to back up virtual machines (VMs). RCT makes it possible to detect changes that happened at specific points in time as opposed to scanning the entire disk for any possible changes. Using RCT, it is possible to accelerate incremental backups by as much as 50% (compared to technologies available in Windows Server 2012). The changes are tracked at the data block level. Only blocks that have changed since the last backup operation are candidates for the next incremental backup.
RCT reduces the risk of loss of information by storing bitmaps using a more resilient strategy. RCT implemented in Hyper-V accomplishes this by generating three different bitmaps – one in the memory, and the other two on the disk. Disk backups are available when a power outage or migration occurs. The usual memory backup is granular and accessible when VM is running. To be specific, the RCT file is utilized when the server is running normally. However, when VM is moved to a different host or a power failure occurs, the bitmap stored in memory is no longer available. In such cases, the Modified Region Table (MRT) file is utilized. The MRT file is more granular and contains all information on changes that were committed to the disk. The files are attached to VHD (X) and may be moved along with the machine. In effect, RCT not just reduces backup time but also offers greater resilience through enhanced block tracking mechanisms when compared to most other backup solutions designed for virtual environments.
Note:
  • Agent installation requires .NET Framework 4.7.2 or higher.
  • Agent requires Visual C++ Redistributable 2013 and 2015 when using Dell EMC Data Domain as backup destination
  • Storware Backup & Recovery supports backup for Hyper-V 2016 and newer versions (also non-GUI).
  • VM backup operations with RCT require the Hyper-V VM to be Version 6.2 or later.
  • Hyper-V 2016 does not support the disk exclusion feature during export operation (because of WMI Framework version 14393). Therefore, the disk of the virtual machine will be cloned to the export directory and deleted later in the execution.
  • Instead of using accounts for authentication, in the case of Hyper-V, we only use the password provided during the agent installation. So for the username in the Storware Backup & Recovery dashboard, you can use even a non-existent name.
  • This platform requires a Storware Backup & Recovery license issued after September 2021.
  • Quiesced snapshot requires a virtual machine to support production checkpoints mechanism. The type of checkpoints can be defined in the virtual machine settings.

Example

How to start a backup for the Hyper-V platform:
  • Type path to install Hyper-V Agent. And accept it by clicking Next.
  • Provide a password for secure communication (you will need it to add Hyper-V to Storware Backup & Recovery). And accept it by clicking Next.
  • Click Next to start the installation.
  • If Windows UAC prompts you about installation, accept it by choosing Yes.
  • Click Finish to end installation.

Backup of single hypervisors

  • Go to Storware Backup & Recovery WebUI Virtual Environments Infrastructure Hypervisors click on button Create.
  • In the "Add New Hypervisor" window fill the following fields:
    • Host address in URL form eg. "https://10.40.1.150"
    • Password - use the same as what you set during the installation agent process.
    • A number of disk export threads - parameters that can help with data transfer speed. We recommend starting backups with the default value of 2 and making any changes based on the observation of the environment.
  • Click Save to finish adding your Hyper-v host. Repeat all steps for all Hyper-v hosts.

Back up multiple hypervisors using SCVMM or Failover Cluster

If you are using System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM), go to the Hypervisor Managers tab and click on button Create.
In the "Add New Hypervisor" window fill the following fields:
  • Choose type: Microsoft Hyper-V
  • Select infrastructure type
  • SCVMM Host address in URL form eg. "https://10.40.1.150"
  • Password (use the same as what you set during the installation Agent process).
To use SCVMM, the agent has to be installed on a machine on which SCVMM is installed. The agent service needs to be run as a user who has access to the SCVMM console in order to be able to utilize SCVMM by Storware Backup & Recovery.
After synchronization, all hosts in the Hypervisors tab will be added automatically. If the Hypervisors Agents passwords are different from SCVMM, you can change them in the Hypervisors tab for each agent.

Instant Restore

To use an instant restore feature, backup destination from which VM will be restored, has to be of a synthetic type.

Environment with Active Directory

In order to be able to use instant restore the Storware Backup & Recovery nodes have to be added to a domain.

Prerequisites

  • Fully qualified domain name (e.g. stor.lab)
  • NetBios domain name ( e.g. STORLAB)
  • Domain Administrator Account
  • Installed packages:
    • samba-winbind
    • samba

Configuration

  1. 1.
    Check if DNS records point to an Active Directory DNS server and check if the search domain is set correctly
    [root@vpro-node ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf
    #Generated by NetworkManager
    search aw.lab
    nameserver 10.30.2.120
    nameserver 10.30.2.121
If it is not configured, you need to either manually set it in a resolv.conf file or change it using your network management software e.g. for NetworkManager use nmtui.
  1. 1.
    Configure kerberos in /etc/krb5.conf. Example configuration is below.
    [logging]
    default = FILE:/var/log/krb5libs.log
    kdc = FILE:/var/log/krb5kdc.log
    admin_server = FILE:/var/log/kadmind.log
    [libdefaults]
    default_realm = stor.lab
    dns_lookup_realm = false
    dns_lookup_kdc = true
  2. 2.
    Make sure Your time is set correctly if not configure it either manually using timedatectl or use ntpd
  3. 3.
    Make sure correct hostname is set (not localhost)
    [root@vpro-node ~]# cat /etc/hostname
    vpro-node
  4. 4.
    Check if hostname has correct ip address assigned to it.
    [root@vpro-node ~]# cat /etc/hosts
    127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
    10.30.2.112 vpro-node.stor.lab vpro-node
  5. 5.
    Configure samba. Make sure to enter correct domain name in the realm field and correct NetBios name in the workgroup field and idmap fields. Set also the correct network interface on which samba will be exposed in the interfaces parameter.
    [global]
    bind interfaces only = Yes
    dedicated keytab file = /etc/krb5.keytab
    disable spoolss = Yes
    interfaces = lo eth0
    kerberos method = secrets and keytab
    load printers = No
    min domain uid = 0
    printcap name = /dev/null
    realm = stor.lab
    security = ADS
    server max protocol = SMB2_02
    template homedir = /home/%U
    template shell = /bin/bash
    username map = /usr/local/samba/etc/user.map
    winbind enum groups = Yes
    winbind enum users = Yes
    winbind nss info = rfc2307
    winbind refresh tickets = Yes
    winbind use default domain = Yes
    workgroup = STORLAB
    idmap config * : range = 2000-9999
    idmap config storlab:backend = ad
    idmap config storlab:schema_mode = rfc2307
    idmap config storlab:range = 10000-999999
    idmap config storlab:unix_nss_info = yes
    idmap config * : backend = tdb
    guest ok = Yes
    map acl inherit = Yes
    printing = bsd
    vfs objects = acl_xattr
  6. 6.
    Create a user.map file in the path configured in the username map parameter of smb.conf file with the following content
    !root = STROLAB\Administrator
    !vprotect = *
  7. 7.
    Join the domain using the following command, You will be prompted for the password so type in the domain administrator's password:
    [root@vpro-node ~]# net ads join -U administrator
    Password for [STORLAB\administrator]:
    Using short domain name -- STORLAB
    Joined 'VPRO-NODE' to dns domain 'stor.lab'
  8. 8.
    Append the winbind entry to the following databases in the /etc/nsswitch.conf file
    passwd: files winbind
    group: files winbind
  9. 9.
    Enable and start winbind service
    systemctl enable winbind --now

Environment without Active Directory

Create samba configuration in /etc/samba/smb.conf file with the following entries
[global]
guest account = vprotect
security = USER
server max protocol = SMB2_02
idmap config * : backend = tdb

Using instant restore from web UI

Go to the Instances page and select the restore button next to the virtual machine which you want to restore. From the context menu, select Instant Restore
In the window that appears you can change the default options and then perform Restore.

Live storage migration from web UI

You can enable the live storage migration option during instant restore. It will automatically start the disks migration to the chosen destination directory (or directories if the option "Customize disk layout" is active) after the VM is restored and powered on. You can also run the Live Storage Migration on a previously mounted share after the Instant Restore.

Moving the VM after instant restore from the Hyper-V Manager

Optionally, you can use a Hyper-v feature to move the storage of a virtual machine while it is up and running. To do this right click on a virtual machine and select move
Next choose the Move the virtual machine's storage option and click Next.
In the next screen choose the option Move all of the virtual machine's data to a single location and click Next
Now choose the location to which virtual machine's files will be moved by clicking browse. After You select a correct location click next.
In the summary screen check if all parameters are correct.
After checking, click finish. The progress bar will appear indicating the move process progress. While a virtual machine is being moved You can safely use without any interruptions.

Quiet Agent installation

You can use Hyper-V Agent installer parameters to install it without user interaction
  • Agent password parameter: PASS=YourPassword
  • Transport Method (choose one of three options) TRANSPORT=[HTTP|HTTPS|BOTH]
Complete installation command
Hyper-V-Agent-Installer.msi /qn PASS=YourPassword TRANSPORT=HTTPS
Note: /qn are standard msi parameters and stand for: q - quiet installation n - no user interface